Penalty - When Not Applied?
Fifteen thousand years after the dog was domesticated as our friend and colleague, punishment remains the main method of controlling the behavior of these gifted creatures. This method has so far been accepted without question, as if pain would increase the dog's intelligence and willingness to work.
The word “punishment” should not simply mean pulling nails or gouging out eyes. In fact, punishment can be carried out without causing any real harm to the person being punished. In dog training, the term "punishment" is defined as "a practice that reduces the chance of a behavior happening".
In fact, the functional conceptual equivalent of punishment should be "correction".
For example, sharks showing their dorsal fins are punishments for swimmers, and the room being too hot is punishment for people sitting in sweaters. The sharks go away or the temperature in the room drops, making everything return to normal. Therefore, “punishment” is an element that reduces the probability of something happening.
The first rule of punishment is that it should be closely related to the event you are trying to punish. When you say that you punished your dog for wetting the carpet, if the dog fails to connect the wet on the carpet with the punishment, the result will only be that the dog loses confidence in your relationship due to your unpredictable behavior. Penalty, by definition, when used correctly, always reduces the likelihood of error. Therefore, punishment (correction) should never be made unless the dog is caught during the fault. Nevertheless, punishment is rarely the best solution to a problem and is often misapplied.
The second main rule of punishment is that it is consistent and continuous. Once the behavior is eliminated, then all you have to do is reward your dog for every move he or she has to do. This will help him maintain the right behavior while changing his motivation.
Although punishment rarely causes a change in desired behavior, some people have an unwavering idea of its effectiveness. Many dogs are often driven to fear and loss of confidence after they have been punished.
Rather than applying punishment, reading the dog's behavior well and rewarding the correct behavior with positive guidance by preventing mistakes before they happen will raise our relations with our dog to a more smooth and peaceful level.