History of the German Shepherd

History of the German Shepherd

The story of the German Shepherd Dog begins 101 years ago with a cavalry officer named Max Emil Friedrich Von Stephanitz in 1899. Max Von Stephanitz was born on December 30, 1864 in Berlin. After finishing his education, he wanted to continue his life as a farmer, but joined the army at his mother's request. In the meantime, he studied at the Berlin Veterinary College, studied dogs and made researches on breeding, training, care and other subjects. Seeing the lack of a shepherd dog that could manage both large and small herds in Germany at the end of the 19th century, Stephanitz was the leader of the German government's application to improve dog breeds. According to Max Von Stephanitz's request, these dogs should have a courageous, loyal, obedient and resourceful structure, as well as easily managing their flocks. it could be.

Different types of shepherd dogs were used in the rural areas and farms of 19th century Germany. However, two of these breeds played an active role in the emergence and development of today's German Shepherd Dog. One of them is the gray colored, erect-eared and generally seen in the mountainous regions of Thuringia. It had a small structure and a curved tail. The Wurttemberg type dogs, on the other hand, attracted attention with their large and developed muscle and bone structure, hairy tail like a bush, speed and comfortable movements. However, this dog had flattened ears. The dog with the characteristics of these two breeds was first discovered in 1882. It was seen in Hanover in 1892 and ten years later in 1892 the Phlax Society was founded, which would later lead to the establishment of the club “Verein Für Deutsche Schaferhunde” (SV). However, this club was closed three years later.

In 1899, Max Von Stephanitz noticed a medium-sized gray-yellow dog at a show in Karlsruhe. This dog had a docile, strong, durable appearance. This dog was “Hektor Linksrhein”. Stephanitz bought this dog and named it “Horand Von Grafrath”. A few weeks later, on April 22, 1899, together with Stephanitz, Arthur Meyer and nine of his friends, “Verein Für Deutsche Schaferhunde” (SV), which is today the world's most established and most comprehensive dog club, also holds the pedigree of German Shepherd Dogs. He became the first German Shepherd Dog by registering with the genealogy number "Horand von Grafrath" SZ1. Stephanitz assumed the presidency of this institution for 37 years until 1936, the year of his death.

Stephanitz started the breeding program with “Horand” and his brother “Luchs” to ensure the development of the breed. These dogs were mated with “Mores Plieningen”. “Mores Plieningen” has a great share in the development of the breed. It can be said that this dog has blood in every German Shepherd today, it can be said that his older brother It is known to be a wolf in the Stuttgart zoo. "Hektor von Schwaben", one of Horand's famous sons, went down in history as the second sieger and played an important role in the development of the breed. By mating with this dog brother, "Boewulf", "Heinz Von Starkenberg" and "Pilot3" were born. After a while, it started to produce unwanted and alien offspring. To prevent this, Stephanitz included unrelated shepherd dogs “Audifax von Grafrath” and “Adolo von Graftrath” in the mating program. Another problem for Stephanitz was the change in the temperament of the breed and dental disorders and it was immediately prevented. had to.

In 1925, Stephanitz named “Klodo von Boxberg” Sieger. Klodo could be distinguished from other dogs by its deep and wide body, short waist, and distinctive gait. As a dominant male, Klodo heralded the new German Shepherd Dog. Klodo later became A. Gilbert ( Mareldene Kennels – Hamden Connecticut) and contributed greatly to the formation of today's North American race with his sons and daughters.

In the meantime, Stephanitz cooperated with the police forces in order to improve the characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog and started to practice tracking, obedience and protection training. This application was the test required for the German Shepherd Dog to receive pedigree, which we know today as the “Schutzund” (Protection Dog). As a result of its outstanding success in these tests, the German Shepherd Dog was appreciated by the police forces and other units in a short time and began to be used frequently.

Then, 12 miles endurance”(AD)”-“B” test (the test applied by the jury before accepting the dog for Schutzhund training) was followed by the “a”(HD Befund Zuerkant) report, which included the hip dislocation and evaluation, and the grading of the dog's upbringing and lineage. The KKL-1 (Koerklass) (Recommended for Production) and KKL-2 (Suitable for Breeding) grades were added, and the Schutzhund 3 grade was awarded the VA (Excellent Choice) rating.

In the meantime, seeing the success of the breed and trying to introduce their own country breeds to the world, they started a smear campaign for the German Shepherd Dog through the media and tried to prevent this dog from being used.